Cyber Security And The Protection Of Company Data And Network

What Is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is defined as a body of processes, practices and technologies. They are designed specifically to protect computers, data, programs and networks from any unauthorized access, attack or damage.

In the world of computing, security contains both physical security and cyber security. To attain cyber security, coordinated efforts are required all through the information system. Some of the elements tied to cyber security include: information security, end-user security, application security, disaster recovery, network security and operational security.

Types Of Cyber-attacks For Businesses

Phishing Scams

A phishing scam attack mostly involves corporations that are big, as it involves large amounts of money. This does not however imply that small businesses cannot be attacked by such, but it’s not common in small businesses.

Such scammers are in all shapes and sizes, therefore there are the one off scammers that target small businesses.

One of the common phishing scams is spear phishing. This type of attack works by tricking users to download software that are infected, or by transferring attacks through messages and advertisements which attackers are certain the target will click on. They mostly target individuals who can transfer huge amounts of money. Therefore, company executives should be keen, especially when handling suspicious emails.


Malvertising is simply malicious advertising, and it works smartly. It uses various approaches, which includes infecting networks that advertise online by inserting a code that is malicious into an ad that is legitimate. Once a user clicks on the ad, the code gets installed automatically.

The other approach of malicious advertising is to use an ad, which when clicked, redirects users to the site where automatically the malicious code will download itself. Such is mostly enabled through the requirements a business is prompted to key in Adobe Flash. Therefore, businesses should review any requirements before agreeing to them.

Other Types Of Cyber-attacks And How They Work

Service Denial

The aim of service denial is to lock a website by directing so much traffic to it. The attack may be distributed or direct. Distributed is to mean that an attack is launched simultaneously by various computers. Its success results from its nature since in such a case, users would conclude that the traffic surge is due to increased popularity of a given web page.


Among the most and commonly known cyber-attack is malware. Malware is in different forms which are; worms, spyware, ransom ware and viruses. Each type of malware works in a different way from the other. However, their goal is similar which is to infiltrate computer systems, thief valuable information and inflict damage.

Hackers will unleash spyware in order to get passwords and plant on your computer moles in order to acquire sensitive data like passwords. They will also track keystrokes and use them to obtain your credentials. Ransom ware works by taking into hostage your computer and for freeing your computer, it demands for a ransom.

Why Are Cyber-attacks Becoming More Serious And Severe?

Cyber-attacks are on the rise due to several reasons which could be. The criminals are quite clever as they are targeting medium sized and small businesses to get to large companies.

Large organizations, with their huge valuable information volumes, incorporate better systems on security. The only problem is failing to monitor regularly on suppliers, partners which exposes them to hackers.

The other reason tied to the increase in cyber-attacks could be lack of right information and knowledge of threats. Despite that cyber-attack is known as a major threat to businesses, not much is being done to work on that.

Why Should Businesses Find Solutions To Cyber-attacks?

Cyber-attacks have become more severe and frequent especially for businesses. This has led to breaching of business data. Therefore, due to the raise in cyber-attacks, companies need to combine software and hardware not forgetting training on security awareness for protection against such attacks.

Some other solutions to such attacks includes ensuring central monitoring of both web and email traffics as most hacks target such. In case you consider cloud solutions, ensure two-factor authentication is used. In case you decide on paying a ransom, know the procedure of doing it well.

Train employees on security awareness and encourage them to report any case of hack by thanking them and making them understand how it happens if it is a hack.

Despite that it’s widely known that cyber- attacks are at the pick and with more intense worldwide with most cases not reported for recording or even under-reported, the public still has a very false sense on the possible threats posed to property as well as lives.

Cyber-attacks are targeting individuals, governments and businesses not forgetting infrastructure that is aimed at disrupting formerly trusted security systems. This explains the vulnerability of countries, businesses and cities and the importance of adopting some solutions against such threats.

Guest Blogger: This article was written by Simon Parker. Simon Parker has over 70 years of shared experience with Minerva Security, dealing with commercial business security and fire alarm systems.

This post may contain affiliate links.


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