There are certain areas where an employer is required by law to provide training to employees and supervisors, no matter the industry. One area that a company must provide training in is in regard to discrimination laws. These laws are numerous and can be challenging to remember, so providing a training with handouts outlining all of the laws (in laymen’s terms) is helpful to reduce discrimination in the workplace.

There are several laws that exist that must be followed by companies of any size, and include, but are not limited to:

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act
  • Immigration Reform and Control Act
  • Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
  • Civil Rights Act Title VII
  • OlderWorkers Benefits Protection Act
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act
  • Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
  • Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)

All employees, but especially supervisors and managers, should be trained on these laws because discrimination generally occurs during the following activities:

  • Hiring Process
  • Benefits Offering and Selection
  • Compensation Offering
  • Performance Reviews by Supervisors and/or Human Resources
  • Workplace Environment
  • Promotions
  • Time-off Requests
  • Termination


Training Should Include:

  • Defining what discrimination is (all types)
  • Identifying what a protected class is
  • Examples of what a protected class is
  • Employer rights under these laws
  • Employee rights under these laws
  • Providing examples of what discrimination is
  • Examples of how to maintain a discrimination-free work environment
  • Company policy, including processes to report, investigate, and resolve discrimination claims
  • Company policy on disciplinary actions if an employee is found to have discriminated

Training employees on what constitutes discrimination will help reduce claims as they may perceive something as discrimination when it is not without the training. Also, training employees on the process to report suspected claims will help employees feel more comfortable with reporting (and potentially diffusing) these claims quickly. Training supervisors on discrimination will help protect the company as they will be aware of what it is and how to avoid it before it happens. The company can and will be held liable if a discrimination claim is filed and can become quite costly with litigation.

In addition to this training, supervisors should be trained on what retaliation is, how it is illegal, and how to avoid retaliation against an employee. Maintaining an open-door policy by human resources will help encourage supervisors to ask if something would be considered discrimination and human resources can work with that supervisor on other potential options if the act is or could be construed as discriminatory.

Generally, a human resources representative would conduct discrimination training as they are (usually) more knowledgeable about applicable laws. Someone who knows and understands the laws should conduct the training so they can answer employee and supervisor questions.

moneyOn August 31, 2014 one of my very best friends posted a post on her blog: The poverty of greed. I’ve read and re-read this post several times in the last month and a half or so. It really hit home for me. She describes so elegantly about a life where greed becomes everything…when it shouldn’t be…greed for the money, the deadlines, the seemingly important things. But, this isn’t what we should be greedy for, as she continues to explain.

She explains, “Yes, you should have been greedy…very greedy. For kindness and sharing, for playfulness and affection, for connection, loyalty, gratitude and passion. All those unimportant things that can not be counted yet count the most.”

To this, I must agree 100%. I have a good friend who once wanted (nearly begged) me to take a job doing something I’m not particularly passionate about, that would have required a great deal of travel for me to the other side of the U.S., but that would potentially bring me pay beyond anything I’ve ever realized. I weighed the pros and cons and really struggled with this decision for quite some time. The only real pro I could find was that I would have the opportunity to travel and meet new people. While I’m certainly not opposed to travel, this position would have me traveling more often than not to setup new account and for account management. The cons really won out, and even though I had interviewed for this position (and based on what my friend had told me, I would have likely been offered this position), I wasn’t comfortable with it. So I respectfully pulled myself from the applicant pool.

What I realized in that moment when I made my decision is that my family is far more important than making outrageous amounts of money. I know that with an increase in salary comes with it an increase in the cost of living – maybe not in the community I live in, but certainly in my spending habits. This is very common because when the money is there we, as humans, tend to spend more.

Only a few short months later I was laid off from my job (that I did not quit to take this other position my friend wanted me to take). I was out of work for a little over three months, but during that three months I really saw what I had been missing – my family and my sanity. For about six months prior to being laid off I had been traveling nearly 180 miles round trip, Monday thru Friday, leaving at 5 am and not returning home until between 6 and 8 pm each night. I was doing this to make money to support my family. At this time I wasn’t being greedy; I was simply working to support my family. Being laid off was a blessing in disguise for me. God provided, as he always does for my family, and after some major spending cuts (including unnecessary bills) we were able to survive.

That was certainly a stressful time (especially for me since I was the one out of work), but I was able to spend more time with my family, get some large projects completed around my home that I had wanted to for quite some time, and I was able to recoup from the six months of extensive (and exhausting) travel.

Since then, I have found a job with a company that is used to remote employees, so I have the opportunity to work from home. This has allowed me to remain focused on my family and my home while I still work and provide for my family. Through this experience I have found that I have become greedy – for all those things my good friend described in her post. Sure, I still stretch myself thin at times (okay, a lot of the time), but it’s to help my family, to support my family, and to maintain a safe and healthy home for my family. I am so very grateful for my family and my friends. Because of them I am able to experience the truly important things in life – love, passion, affection, connection, kindness, sharing, and most of all – gratitude.

Last Saturday I had the pleasure of spending a great day with two of my girls, Kiara and Addie. There happened to be a couple of things going on in our little town so we took advantage of the day.

First, we went to the Fire Station 1 Open House

(which they held behind the Police Department)

Addie in the cab at the back end of the really long fire truck.


Addie and Kiara in front of the Air Medic helicopter.


Kiara and Addie at the back of the Air Medic helicopter. (I was too tall to sit in the back, but I tried)


Kiara and Addie in front of one of the original fire trucks in Hemet. Addie thought it looks ‘weird’…so precious :-)


Then, we went to the Pumpkin Patch

Addie and Kiara at the front of the Pumpkin Patch…gonna have some fun!


They (hesitantly) climbed the hay stack for a picture (apparently they don’t like heights either).


The 5 foot mark is hidden behind her head…by a couple of inches.


Here’s Addie…not quite to the 5 foot mark yet (thankfully).


Addie is my little pumpkin :-)


Kiara, Addie, and I on top of the hay stack.


They also went through the Pumpkin Patch Maze (they got lost and ended up climbing over one of the hay stacks to get to the other side) and went to the petting zoo. We had such a blast! I love spending time with my girls!

Every once in a while I draw a blank as to what I should write about here for my blog. I know, I know, there’s soooomany things out there to write about, especially since my blog covers so many different topics. Even still, sometimes it just doesn’t come easily for me. It’s called writers block, but I call it blogging block.

I want to keep providing quality information for people to read in the areas that I write about, so when I’m having a blogging block, here’s what I do:idea

  1. Scour LinkedIn: there are tons of new, important, and relevant topics to discuss on LinkedIn. I read a lot of the articles and posts here to get some ideas for topics that are relevant to what I typically write about and to the business industry in general.
  2. Other Blogs – I have several blogs that I keep tabs on. When I have a blogging block I go through all (or a few) of these sites and read posts that I’ve read before or anything new that’s been posted recently to help me get ideas to write about.
  3. Google Search – when all else fails, I do a google search for writing ideas. You’d be amazed (or not) about how many blogs are out there with writing ideas. I may even do a few of these myself as there are so many things to write about.
  4. Create a List – as I go through each of these sources I write down any ideas that come to me that I may want to write about. Then, I pick the one that interests me the most or that I think has the most relevance at the moment.

I certainly don’t want to ‘steal’ ideas or information. So, when I do choose a topic I conduct my own research and draw from my own experiences on the topic. I rarely write on topics that I have no idea about, but I occasionally have the opportunity to do some research to learn about a whole new topic. Then again, I do research on nearly any topic I write about so that I not only know what I’m talking about, but so I can also give the most amount of information possible to my readers.

The Busy Parents Recipe Book – For Sale

Posted: October 8, 2014 by kristymlopez in Working Mom

As some of you may know, I have struggled with some health problems over the years (problems that are under control now, thank goodness!). Having health issues, I am constantly on the lookout for tips to save money and healthy recipes that I (and my family) will love.

I have just released my very first recipe book for only $2.99 (less than a cup of your favorite drink at Starbucks!).

This book, called The Busy Parents Recipe book is a collection of my favorite recipes that have been given the thumbs up by my six picky eaters (my husband and kids). Some of the recipes are easy and quick to make; I have included many crockpot recipes; and many of the recipes require five ingredients or less to make. I also like to focus on recipes that include ingredients that most individuals will already have in their cabinets or refrigerator, or that are inexpensive to purchase. I also include some of my tips to save money on the food bill for those of us who are on a budget.

Recipe Book Cover

To download your own recipe book using a secure purchasing site, click here: The Busy Parents Recipe Book

It is currently only available to purchase through this link. Soon I will have it available in several e-book options.

Please send me feedback on what you liked, didn’t like, or adjustments to recipes that you found made them better. I welcome all feedback.


Delegation is probably my greatest weakness. It’s not that I delegate too much, it’s that I delegate to little. Many individuals have this same weakness. Personally, I think out of all of the weaknesses I could have, this one’s a pretty good one to have. But there is always room for improvement. And through improvement comes productivity.

There are a few reasons for this:

  • In many (most) of my job roles throughout my career, I have been the one who has been on the receiving end of the delegation.
  • As being on the receiving end of the delegation, I have rarely had the opportunity to have someone to delegate work to.
  • I am a perfectionist and I have issues with having individuals complete my work, especially when it is an important and detailed task.
  • I like being involved in projects from beginning to end, including negotiations thru to the management of the accounts.

But, I have been working on this weakness as much as possible. I want to be the best I can be in both my personal and professional life, and to do this I have to work on any and all weaknesses I have. Through my current role I have been working on this particular weakness by:

  • Working with other departments to see where we can consolidate processes to create time efficiencies.
  • Refer employees to the appropriate departments to answer questions rather than become the ‘middle man’.
  • Ask employees from other departments to host training calls to give information to employees that they will need.
  • Allow others (i.e. trainers, representatives, etc.) to do their job without interfering with their work, but still provide them with information I have that will be helpful to them.
  • Ask for help from others when I have too much on my plate to accomplish, especially when the tasks I have require a great attention to detail.

When delegating tasks or objectives, there are a few things I take into consideration:

  • Follow the SMART acronym – Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound
  • The person’s work-style – do they require step-by-step instructions or would they be better at creating their own process of completing the work?
  • Set specific deadlines – if the task or objective requires multiple steps (or multiple people to complete), setting specific deadlines can help ensure the task is moving along as planned and can help identify pitfalls that need to be addressed. It’s better to know this as soon as possible to help adjust prior to the final deadline.
  • Give authority – ensuring the person the task has been delegated to understands the authority he or she has been given will help them complete the task more efficiently.
  • Keep and open-door policy – creating and maintaining an open-door policy will help the individual receiving the delegated task feel more confident that he or she isn’t alone and can ask questions where needed to complete it to your standards.

Delegation is crucial to running a business from the CEO all the way down the chain of command, and part of being a manager. Many individuals I know have challenges with delegation; me being one of those people. However, with the right mindset, it is possible to delegate confidently and create responsibility within the organization. This will ultimately help grow the organization and be more productive.

I’m one of those people who just can’t stand clutter…anywhere. And with having a family of 7 (with four of those people being teenagers) it can be difficult to manage the clutter. Here are a few things I do to reduce clutter in my home.

  1. Clean as I go from room to room – as I move from room to room in my house I pick up something that shouldn’t be in one room and I take it and put it away in the room I am going to. This may only be one or two items at a time, but it helps control the build-up of clutter.
  1. Have a place for everything – if everything has a home then there will be less items lying around cluttering up the home. I tend to reorganize drawers and cabinets once every few months to make sure the same items are put away together (or near each other), especially if my ‘collection’ of those items has grown over the past few months.

As an example, I collect glass jars (i.e. jelly, salsa, etc. jars). I recently reorganized my hutch in my dining room to allow all of my glass jars to be put away in the same space.

FYI – I use glass jars for lots of things around my home: to sort out screws/nails in the garage, to pour cooking grease into so it doesn’t go down the drain and ruin my drains, to hold nail files, etc.

  1. Be creative and make nice looking holders – I try to recycle everything I can (it’s good for the planet), so I recycle the cardboard boxes from food items we use. As I cook I break down the boxes I used to put them on the counter until I had the opportunity to take them out to the recycle bin. This can start looking a bit tacky with a bunch of cardboard boxes sitting on the counter. So, I found a display box from a local retail store (I asked if I could have it since it was sitting on the shelf empty and they said yes), and I took some contact paper and covered it. Now, I have a place to put the empty cardboard boxes until they are taken out. This can also be done for magazines, small books, school papers, etc.
This is my empty box holder, but can be used to hold magazines, homework, papers, or whatever you can think of...

This is my empty box holder, but can be used to hold magazines, homework, papers, or whatever you can think of…

With so many people in my house we tend to get a lot of random stuff dumped on the counter (this is very typical in my house), so I took an empty Cup O Noodles box and covered it with the same contact paper and put it up on the counter. I clean it out every couple of weeks to help keep the clutter down. I have made several boxes like this for my kids’ rooms for their clutter, makeup, or to hold small items they want to keep together. It looks much nicer than stuff strewn all over the place.

This is my catch-all box, but can be used to hold anything from toys to makeup to desk supplies to sorting socks in a drawer...

This is my catch-all box, but can be used to hold anything from toys to makeup to desk supplies to sorting socks in a drawer…

  1. Cute, but functional – when I’m at the store I’m always on the lookout for something cute that is also functional for my home. I found this flower pot at one of our local dollar stores and decided that it would be perfect to hold my colorful knives (that have covers). I display this on my counter and it adds color to my décor (because of the colorful knives) and the holder matches the colors on my counter. And, it makes it functional as I am able to quickly grab the knives to use while I am cooking.
Cute, super cheap, was a flower a holder for my colorful knives...functional and beautiful...

Cute, super cheap, was a flower pot…now a holder for my colorful knives…functional and beautiful…

  1. Get rid of stuff that I don’t need – this is usually the biggest challenge for most people, and even for me at times. I like to keep ‘stuff’ as well, especially if I can see myself using it in the future. The challenge is that this ‘stuff’ continues to build and build and takes up more and more space. I require myself to get rid of stuff I know I’m really never going to use, or of something I just have too many of. I then bag it all up and deliver it to the local Goodwill or Salvation Army, or another organization that I know will use the items, especially clothes.

When I move I am usually completely unpacked within about a week (I can’t stand living out of boxes), but if I have stored some boxes away in the garage without unpacking them and they are still there 6 months to a year+ later, then I know that I either don’t need those items, or they have likely been replaced. So, I just donate the boxes. Sometimes one at a time, sometimes all at once (depending on my mood and space to haul the boxes).

These are a few of the things I do in my home to keep it orderly and clutter-free. It isn’t always easy, but I can say that it is definitely worth it! There’s nothing like a clean, clutter-free home to relax in.

Sometimes you have to have a little trial and error when planting a garden. Some plants just do better than others, and some just don’t do well even if they should based on your climate and the type of plant(s) you are putting in. The great thing about Home Depot, Lowe’s, and Walmart is that they all have a 1 year guarantee on their plants. I keep all receipts and containers when I plant anything. That way, if they don’t do well, then I can exchange them for something else. There are lots of reasons why a plant may not make it: it went into shock when planted and just couldn’t recover (usually a result of handling the roots too rough or too much breakage of the roots when planting), the soil isn’t rich enough for the plant, it wasn’t watered enough (or maybe too much – they can die for too much water, too) in the beginning, or maybe it gets too much/not enough sun in that specific spot. Whatever the reason, it does happen.

This is what happened in my front yard. I had planted some shrubs that were supposed to be hardy and perfect for the (hot) desert. Unfortunately, they just didn’t survive, but I did keep them alive for a few months. So, I replaced them with these ice plants (which seem to be doing much better):

Ice plant

This was planted about a month ago and is blooming quite nicely!


And one of my three blueberry bushes just didn’t make it, so I replaced it with this shrub that I think looks perfect there:

This pretty bush that produces tiny purple flowers replaced one of my blueberry bushes that didn't make it

This pretty bush that produces tiny purple flowers replaced one of my blueberry bushes that didn’t make it

I got rid of the white rock in my front yard and planted a ton of new plants (flowers, trees, and shrubs) throughout my yard. Here’s some picture updates with how they are holding up in the triple digit heat we’ve been having lately.

My other two blueberry bushes are here as well. They don’t seem to be doing too well, but I’m trying to nurse them back to health. I think that they just get too much sun (and it’s been tooooo hot) in that area.

Front Area

The front area that didn’t have anything before those palm trees in the back


My hibiscus seem to be doing quite well as they are filling out nicely. I can’t wait until they are full grown! They are going to be absolutely gorgeous!

We recently had a little bug infestation on a couple of our trees (we had little white crystal looking things on some of the leaves). Luckily, I pay attention to my plants and caught it quickly and I took care of it with a bug spray specifically made for plants. I got the concentrated stuff that I had to mix – it didn’t smell that great, but it did the job wonderfully! No more bugs! For planting these as little babies only 6-7 months ago, they are doing very well!

Tree 1

One of my trees (either the lemon or lime…I can’t remember which). It is growing quite nicely!

Tree 2

This is either a lemon or a lime tree (again, I don’t remember which one was which). This one seems to be growing more out that up, but that’s okay.

I didn’t get pictures of my rose bushes, my aloe plants, my shrubs in the front, or my orange trees, but they are all doing beautifully, too. It’s a little bit of work to make sure the weeds are pulled (and weed spray is administered in those spots), watering, bug spraying, transplanting, etc., but it is all worth it! I love my front yard and I think that this was one of the best decisions I’ve ever made!

P.S. I’d still like to add an avocado and apple tree to my yard and maybe a couple other small plants around the sitting area, but that will come in time.

It happens every day – companies lay off employees and/or close partial or whole sections of their business, or downsize. The closure can bedownsizing anything from the layoff of a few employees, to closing an office or location, or even closing an entire geographical area down completely. I can assure you these decisions are never made lightly (or shouldn’t be at any rate). There are a few reasons a company might go this route, but all reasons relate to the financial impact the area or location has on the bottom line of the business.

1. Lower than Expected Results

Some business locations just don’t produce the results the business plan expects. Usually, a business plans extensively when opening a new business location, office, or area. The company expects a certain number of sales or a certain financial gain from any area or location, and if the location or office does not produce those expected results the business may choose to shut it down. This is especially true when it is a retail setting.

2. Economic Downturn

Sometimes a business faces a decline in sales or production because of the economy. If the company produces plastic containers (i.e. the kind you get your fast food in), for example, and the company has a reduced number of orders because of a slow economy in the fast food industry, the plastics company will be hurt from this. This could initiate layoffs or even the closing of a location if the hit is big enough on the company.

3. Concentrate Resources on Other Areas

A company only has so many resources that it can spread out among its different geographical areas. At times it doesn’t make sense to spread resources out so far that there aren’t enough resources for all areas. These are the times when a company may choose to close one or more geographical area(s) to allow resources to be concentrated more heavily in other areas.

4. Contract Changes

If a business relies on a contract with a larger company for its revenue (i.e. the company is a ‘middle-man’ between a larger company and consumers or other smaller businesses), then changes to the contract can affect the company’s financial status. If contract negotiations don’t go as planned, or some concessions had to be made to save the company, this can result in a small or large number of layoffs and possibly in shutting down geographical areas to compensate for revenue that was lost in the contract.

5. Changes to the Core Business

Like people, businesses go through change. These changes can be small and seem insignificant, and some can be large and extremely significant. If the changes result in an overhaul of the business, services, products, and brand, then the company may (usually) decide to overhaul the employees and areas it is in based on target customers for the new brand.

6. Legal Challenges

There are tons of laws for businesses that differ from state to state, and even city to city. These can be challenging to keep up with, especially for companies that do business in multiple states. This is why it is good to have a good business attorney that is knowledgeable in the areas the company does business in. However, if the company experiences legal problems it could result in layoffs, offices/locations being shut down, and ultimately the whole company going out of business in some cases.

There are many other reasons why a company would lay off employees, close geographical areas, and even close the business down, but these are the reasons I have seen/experienced throughout the years. At the end of the day it is about the financial success of the business. If the business doesn’t make money, then there is no reason to keep it running. As I said before, this is always a difficult decision for anyone in the position to make these decisions, but a necessary part of doing business.